Violin
The Basics

  • Strings: (high) E, A, D, G (low)
  • Main accessory: Shoulder rest
  • Bow: Squared off (pointed corner) on the frog
  • ​Technique VERY similar to viola

Posture & Positioning Checkpoints

  • Chin rest is "jaw rest" -- front of chin should be facing music, not the tailpiece (more important to see notes, not fingers)
  • Instrument comes out to the side at an angle
  • Sit or stand with physically balanced posture--weight evenly distributed between sides, spine elongated

Left Hand Checkpoints

  • Base knuckle of index finger touches side of fingerboard
  • Thumb lightly touches opposite side of fingerboard-- sticks up just a little, like a "sunrise" (not a "flag")
  • Fingers curved to play on finger tips  -- nails must be kept short enough to properly play on tips of fingers

Right Hand Checkpoints

Pizzicato
  • Thumb on side of fingerboard, near the end (not under)
  • Fingers curled in
  • Pluck with tip of index finger (not nail) -- pluck away from where the bow will be... about 1.5 to 2 inches from the end of the fingerboard is good.

Bow
  • Curved thumb, inside corner of thumbnail touches inside corner of the bow where frog meets stick.
  • Fingers draped comfortably over stick without impeding bowing on string
  • Pinky on top of stick, curved.